Pharmaceutical Drugs Information

What are Pharmaceutical Drugs?

Pharmaceutical Drugs are also called as medicine. We can simply define these as a chemical substance used for treatment, medical diagnosis, preventing or curing any disease. The word ‘Pharmaceutical’ derives from the Greek word Pharmakeia, which today have been reformed as “Pahrmacia”.

Classification of Pharmaceutical Drugs:

For different types of diseases and physical ailments there a different kind of pharmaceutical drugs are available in the market at the medical shops or over the counter (OTC). One should take these medicines only as prescribed by doctor. Another noticeable thing before taking medicine is to take right quantity at the right time. Pharma drugs can simply be classified into two major categories as below:

1)Prescription Drugs

These are the licensed medicines that are not available in the market without the Doctor’s prescription. These drugs are regulated by the legislation. The term “Rx” is commonly used as an abbreviation of the prescription drug.

List of Some Important Prescription Drugs

  • Anti-convulsant
  • Anti-itch drugs
  • Anti-fungal drugs
  • Anti-viral
  • Anti-diabetic
  • Anti-asthmatic
  • Anti-psychotic
  • Muscle relaxation drugs
  • Anti gastroesophageal reflux drugs
  • Anti-malarial
  • Infertility drugs
  • Decongestants
  • Bone-disorder drugs
  • Penicillin
  • Laxatives

2)Non Prescription Drugs

These are the medicines that can be sold without Physician’s prescription. Non prescription drugs are also known as over the counter drug or OTC drugs. These are allowed to sell directly to the customers. OTC drugs are generally regulated by Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API).

List of Non Prescription Drugs

  • Antiseptics
  • Analgesics
  • Aspirin
  • Cough Syrups
  • Cough Suppressants
  • Antacids and Acid Reducer
  • Anti-gas
  • Anticandial
  • Anti-fungal
  • Cold Sore or Fever Blister
  • First Aid Supplies
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Sleep Aids Drugs

Pharmaceutical Formulations – What is Pharmaceutical Formulation?

In medical term pharmaceutical formulation is a process in which a medicinal or remedial product is produced by combining different chemical substance and active drugs. Formulation involves the complete process right from developing a drug to its final acceptance by the patient. Pharmaceutical Formulations include the study of some important factors like pH, particle size, solubility and polymorphism.

The orally taken drugs are available in the form of capsule or tablet, while the other types of medications forms are cream, gel, ointment, powder and paste etc. Thus we can classify these finished pharmaceutical formulations as below:

  • Tablets
  • Capsules
  • Injections
  • Ointments
  • Syrups
  • Birth Control Device
  • Vaccines

Top 10 Pharma Companies in India:

Indian Pharma Industry is growing with a faster pace day by day at global level. As per records Indian Pharmaceutical Industry is the second fastest growing industry. So know about the top 10 pharmaceutical companies in India as per their latest sales revenue:

  • Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited
  • Cipla
  • Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories
  • Lupin
  • Aurobindo Pharma Ltd
  • Sun Pharma
  • Cadila Health
  • Jubilant Life
  • Wockhardt
  • Ipca Labs